5th Generation Jet Fighters

By pjain      Published Sept. 12, 2020, 3:01 a.m. in blog Geo-Politics   

5G fighters

Chinese J-XX 5th Gen

2015+ in R&D since 2002 claimed a fifth-generation fighter developed jointly by Chengdu Aerospace Corporation (for airframe) and Shenyang Aerospace (engines and avionics) would be in service by 2019 but volume production of in-stock 50+ by 2020 and few hundred by 2025.

Chinese are behind US in aerospace-grade carbon fiber, advanced fighter engines, and AESA radar

  • Engine with thrust vectoring capability, twin-engine aircraft with twin vertical tail fins

Stealthy Fuselage, wings and tail

  • Angular, faceted features of the design, like the F-117 Nighthawk
  • The new fighter may have a significantly longer fuselage than other fifth generation fighter designs, such as the F-22, for reduction of transonic and supersonic drag.
  • A trapezoidal wing may be implemented for reduction of drag and radar signature.
  • A V-shaped pelikan tail could be implemented, replacing conventional vertical tail fins and horizontal stabiliser structures for reduction of radar signature, weight and aerodynamic drag, since control surface area and corresponding control mechanisms are reduced. Problems faced by this type of design are flight control system complexity and control surface loading. If the pelikan tail is adopted, use of engines with thrust vector control may alleviate these problems.
  • stealthy carry its weapons internally like the F-22 Raptor
  • Use of an 's'-shaped air inlet and boundary layer separation system would greatly reduce radar signature.

Russia's PAK-FA

F-22 competitor was Russia's PAK-FA which can carry four of its cutting-edge K-77M missiles with a reported range of two hundred kilometers. The greater range of the K-77M may be an advantage vs AIM 160 km, but not against a low-observable stealth fighter like the F-22 - can easily bring missiles closer as well.

Superior ramjet-powered missiles, such as the Meteor PL-15 are already being fielded, though it is not clear if the PAK FA will receive them.

The F-22 currently has no IR system, though it is slated to receive one by 2020. However, the F-22’s engines nozzles are designed to reduce heat signature, diminishing detection range, while the PAK-FA’s engines are indiscreet. So, it’s less than obvious who will detect who first, given that the PAK FA may be radar observable within that range.

Many US experts are skeptical that the PAK FA boasts fifth-generation avionics and networking technology used in the latest U.S. fighters. Intriguingly, networking with a sufficiently powerful low-band AESA radar, such as that on an E-2D AWACs plane, might allow radar-guided missiles to target stealth fighters! However, F-22 datalinks are also outdated and have only recently been slated for upgrade.

US F-22 1990s

Back in the 1990s, the U.S. Air Force developed the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter, which arguably still reigns as the top air-superiority fighter in service: it is fast, highly maneuverable and extremely stealthy. However, the Raptor was less optimized for ground-attack roles and deemed too expensive to build and operate to serve as a replacement of the Pentagon’s large inventory of fourth-generation fighters—so production was cut to just 180 aircraft, 120 of which serve in operational units.

It can carry six United States AIM-120D Scorpion missiles with a range of one hundred sixty. Superior ramjet-powered missiles, such as the Meteor are already being fielded, though it is not clear if the F-22 will receive them.

The Raptor uses two-dimensional vector-thrust jets which can only go up and down in unison, affecting pitch only making it first US fighter that is supermaneuverable. It can help the plane dodge missiles (useful in any scenario) and position itself in advantageous firing position for WVR combat.

F-22 datalinks are also outdated and have only recently been slated for upgrade.

The F-22 currently has no IR system, though it is slated to receive one by 2020. However, the F-22’s engines nozzles are designed to reduce heat signature, diminishing detection range, while the PAK-FA’s engines are indiscreet. So, it’s less than obvious who will detect who first, given that the PAK FA may be radar observable within that range.

Its competitor was Russia's PAK-FA.

Israel Was Not Allowed to Buy the F-22 Raptor to force it and US Allies to leapfrog to 5G F-35

While the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, which Israel — and Israel alone — is allowed to modify to F-35I to better fit Israeli requirements for the Middle East.

F35 - 5G fighter from USA

F-35, Orders and Deployments

F-35 Specs

F-35 Command OS and Fly-by-Wire Systems - Source Code NOT given out!

One of F-35’s key capabilities come from its superior ability to soak up data with its sensors and share it with friendly forces. Obviously, it is designed best to integrate with US and Nato forces systems. The F-35 Lightning’s sophisticated flight computer and ground-based logistics system has become a matter of contention with many F-35 operators. Foreign air forces would like to have greater access to the F-35’s computer source codes to upgrade and modify them as they see fit without needing to involve external parties—but Lockheed doesn’t want to hand over full access for both commercial and security-based reasons.

Lockheed F-35 a $2T incomplete Development

The F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter is estimated to be the most expensive weapons system in human history, based on its projected lifetime cost of $1.5 trillion dollars ($406 billion for the aircraft, the rest in lifetime operating costs). On top of this there would be lot more cost overruns.

It is a critical weapons system for USA, Nato and allies. Different variants of the F-35 are prepared to equip the Air Force, Navy and Marines through most of the twenty-first century, and the type is also slated to serve in the air forces or navies of Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, South Korea and Turkey—with more countries likely to join the list.

The Pentagon was persuaded to pay for “concurrent” production of F-35s before it had been developed into a fully operational prototype; today Lockheed is shipping non-feature-complete F-35s, which will need to be expensively upgraded later when new components and systems are finally ready.

Shock-and-Awe FEAR - Strike Emphasis - for Airspace dominance and deterrence

Tel Aviv wants potential adversaries (chiefly, Iran, Syria, and Hezbollah) to know that its fighters have already proven capable of infiltrating the airspace of neighboring countries, and that its stealth jets could at any moment launch an attack that may go undetected until the first bomb strikes a target. This allows F-35 to destroy airfields in surprise attacks.

Stunted Short Range dogfight - means stay away from Brave Competent Fighters from Russia

The F-35 has been criticized for its mediocre flight performance compared to earlier fourth-generation jets, meaning that it would be at a disadvantage in a short-range ai dogfight against enemy fighters.

Supporters argue that the F-35 would leverage its stealth, sensors and long-range missiles to avoid getting that close to more agile opponent in the first place, and that the platform is really optimized more for striking targets in defended enemy airspace.

Stealth is Key selling Point

Israel thinks the F-35’s low radar cross section will be “good for five to ten years” before adversaries develop countermeasures. There already exist methods for detecting stealth fighters, including long-range infrared sensors, electromagnetic sensors, and low bandwidth radars (though all have significant limitations), and more exotic technologies such as quantum radar are also under development.

Vulnerability Is the USA scared of F-35 being profiled by S-300/S-400?

After Russia placed its S-300, Israel which had earlier dominated mideast airspace, has flown very few missions, as their air force is left down in Syria.

Nuclear NATO F-35s can deploy Nuclear Bombs

The United States even would like its NATO partners to purchase F-35s specially modified to deploy B-61 nuclear bombs.

Britain big buyers - ALSO modifying

The British Royal Air Force and Navy F-35s will be compatible with the Meteor and ASM-132 air-to-air missile

Norway, Denmark and Italy

They all have expressed concerns that the industrial benefits from the program may be insufficient to justify participation. Its F-35 Lightning IIs will be able to carry the Norwegian Naval Strike Missile, reflecting the importance of the sea-control mission for these nations.

Japan - ramps up on China threat

The Japanese government has discussed whether the export of F-35s containing Japanese products to Israel violates their laws against arms exports to countries involved in or likely to be involved in military conflicts.[

Australia

Australia's F-35 Lightning IIs will be able to carry the Norwegian Naval Strike Missile, reflecting the importance of the sea-control mission for these nations.

Canada drops out of F-35 - Too expensive

There had been plans for a Canadian CF-35, with a different refueling probe and drogue-parachute to allow landing on short Arctic air strips, but Ottawa dropped out of the F-35 program.

Turkey blocked F-35 deliveries on S-400

Initial Underwriters, Foreign Investors

References


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