Africa Population and Demographics

By pjain      Published July 13, 2021, 10:13 p.m. in blog Geo-Politics   

Africa Population

African countries by population and GDP 2019

Country GDP (PPP) $m GDP Real% Population (2019)
Nigeria 1,124,627 0.8 200,963,599
Ethiopia 194,980 7.2 112,078,730
Egypt 1,199,013 4.1 100,388,073
Congo DR 68,331 2.775 86,790,567
South Africa 761,826 0.695 58,558,270
Tanzania 163,522 6.498 58,005,463
Kenya 164,340 5.022 52,573,973
Uganda 91,212 4.443 44,269,594
Algeria 634,746 1.457 43,053,054
Sudan 186,715 3.745 42,813,238
Morocco 300,556 4.822 36,471,769
Angola 193,935 1.476 31,825,295
Ghana 131,498 5.891 30,417,856
Mozambique 37,321 4.749 30,366,036
Madagascar 40,055 4.336 26,969,307
Cameroon 81,535 3.972 25,876,380
Ivory Coast 95,887 7.632 25,716,544
Niger 21,655 4.203 23,310,715
Burkina Faso 35,598 6.384 20,321,378


The population of Africa is expected to roughly double by 2050. This will add 1.2 billion people

Year Population b
2019 1.3 b
2050 2.5 b
2100 5-6 b

The most populous countries in 2100 will be in order of their population size India, China, Nigeria, US, Pakistan, DRC, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Egypt. Half of the list will be comprised by African countries.

Economic Dividend?

Politically, African nations are urged to take advantage of this “demographic dividend” by raising levels of spending in education and health, especially for young people.

Africa’s continuing strides in education and health assist the growth of African labour, management personnel and entrepreneurial talent. This comes at a time when demographic trends favour the growth of the working age group. As the UN population report notes, reductions in fertility rates in sub-Saharan Africa in recent years have caused the population of the working age demographic (people 25 to 64 years) to grow faster than other ages, “creating an opportunity for accelerated economic growth.”

PROBLEM: Race-to-Bottom of CHEAP LABOR is overdone now!

PROBLEM: Fast Automation - Demand for SKILLED labor!

Extreme Poverty, Low Quality of Life Projected

In the poorest countries, where population growth brings additional challenges in the effort to eradicate poverty, achieve greater equality, combat hunger and malnutrition and strengthen the coverage and quality of health and education systems to ensure that no one is left behind. - UN Under-Secretary for Economic and Social Affairs, Liu Zhenmin

Presently, the five most populous African countries have majorities of their populations living in poverty, and urban migration is expanding township slums and straining social services.


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