Cardiac Care Key Solutions, Trends, Strategies ST4US
Part of Series Cardiac Care, BP, Stroke Series
Part of Series Cardiac Care, BP, Stroke Series
Heart Disease Key Factors, Causes and Prevention Takeaways
Heart Disease Key Facts, Statistics
- Incidentals for hospital complications experience
In a study of 591 patients from nine medical centers in North America, the in-hospital complication rate was Death 1.5%, Heart Attack 4.2%, Emergency Bypass 3.2% and Total Complications 15.4%. (21) This does not include complication rates after discharge from the hospital.
Measuring Mortality helps reduce
- Death rate among heart surgery patients is falling
Death rates among heart surgery patients are falling despite surgeons taking on more high-risk cases, a report has said.
Doctors said quality of care has been improving since the first publication of mortality rates in cardiac surgery in 2001, despite fears surgeons would become risk averse.
People undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery, which accounts for about 60 per cent of all heart surgery in adults, are less likely to die than before results were published.
John Black, president of the Royal College of Surgeons, said: "All branches of surgery are following the trail on reporting outcomes that cardiac surgeons have blazed and this should spur those efforts on.
"All of medicine should take note of the findings that full audit has not resulted in risk-averse behaviour."
The report, from the Society for Cardiothoracic Surgery, contains complete coverage of all NHS hospitals undertaking adult heart surgery in Britain.
It found that, in 2008, a quarter of all patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery were over 75 – a rise of 10 per cent on the number in 1999.
The number of people over 80 having the surgery is also rising, making up 4.4 per cent of all patients undergoing this type of operation.
There are also more people with diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure having the operation, which all carry extra risks.
Despite these rises, the chance of a person dying has fallen from 2.6 per cent in 2001, to 1.9 per cent in 2004 to 1.5 per cent in 2008.
There has also been a marked fall in death rates among patients over the age of 75, from 5 per cent in 2004 to 3.4 per cent in 2008.
Ben Bridgewater, author of the report and a consultant cardiac surgeon at the University Hospital of South Manchester, said: "One of the benefits we are now seeing from public reporting of outcomes is not just about bringing poor performers 'into the pack' but improving the performance of the pack as a whole.
"The very act of auditing services brings about improvements as centres learn from one another.
Saving Cardio Tips SCR
Protein is a primary nutrient your body needs. Choose lean meats, skinless poultry, and eggs. Avoid fatty meats, such as prime cuts of steak, hot dogs or sausages, which contain excessive saturated fat. Dairy products are a good protein source, but choose low-fat or non-fat milk, cheese and yogurt, according to Medline Plus.
Oily fish contains heart-protecting omega-3 fatty acids. Salmon, tuna, sardines, mackerel and lake trout have rich amounts of omega-3s. You also get a healthy dose of protein with fish. The American Heart Association encourages consumption of fish at least twice a week.
Fruits and vegetables provide vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients, as well as antioxidants to fight off disease-causing free radicals.
Apples contain quercetin and reduce the risk of heart disease, strokes and blood clots when eaten regularly, according to an Iowa Women's Health Study, reported in MindBodyGreen.
Leafy green vegetables such as kale and romaine lettuce provide folate that builds amino acids to protect the heart. Spinach provides both folate and magnesium. Magnesium promotes a healthy heartbeat and is used to treat the irregular beat of arrhythmia. Latest News Update Get Newsmax TV At Home »
Tomatoes are a great source of lycopene, which helps the body produce antioxidants that support heart health, according to MindBodyGreen.
- Whole grains are a good source of fiber and help to maintain healthy blood pressure. Always choose whole grains instead of refined or processed grains, which have been robbed of nutrients.
The Mayo Clinic recommends whole grains as part of a healthy diet to prevent heart disease. Include whole grain bread, whole grain pasta, oatmeal, high fiber cereal, brown rice and other whole grain choices in your meals.
- Monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats include canola, olive and peanut oil. Choose these healthy fats when preparing food instead of the saturated fats in butter or salad dressing that can increase harmful cholesterol levels, according to WebMD.