- Christianity Core Beliefs
- Rituals and Holy Days
Christianity Core Beliefs
- One God as a Holy Trinity is somewhat mysterious perhaps by intent.
- God is God as the Father - dwells in heaven
- Jesus is God and incarnated and was revealed as the Son of the Father. He is the Messiah savior of mankind sole mediator between God and man - you see/experience him via the agency of the Church
- The Holy Spirit is God also - but remains unrevealed, and dwells inside the faithful - it is a personal experience.
- There is only one GOD, and only one omnipotent authority not three.
The mystery of the Trinity is metaphysical and unique to Christianity - perhaps PLACE/TIMING is everything.
Man has inherited "original sin" from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin.
Freedom of Will, Choosing Right vs Wrong. Responsibility for Sin/Merits like Karma or Egyptian "weighing of heart". By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God.
Hell and Heaven, Judgement Day. Eternal Salvation in Heaven; Eternal Damnation in Hell; Temporal third state before Heaven for those who desire purification, known as Purgatory.
Means of salvation - this is key - Belief in Jesus as the sole savior of humanity. IT IS ONLY through Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection, and Grace of Christ can one obtain salvation and enter heaven. Humans cannot save themselves or ascend on their own to a higher level. Only God is good and therefore only God is able to save a person. Jesus came down from Heaven to save mankind.
The special nature of Jesus is affirmed by faith - you got to have it - no proof is offered.
- Virgin Birth to Mary, through God.
- Mary has a special position as the Queen of all Saints. View is similar to the Orthodox church - the title 'Mother of God' being used more common. Mary is a way to bind women to Catholics, who claimMary has revealed herself in apparitions.
- God sent His only Divine Son to save humanity from their sins.
- Death by Crucifixion - Son of God is special sacrificed himself for mankind
- Resurrection - shows the divine nature, and that is critical to his mission to save mankind.
Ascent to Heaven
The Second coming of Jesus Christ and Judgement day is believed in.
Christianity Formalisms 101
To understand foundations of Catholicism one must understand Christianity.
In general a Christian refers to a follower of Jesus Christ who may be a Catholic, Protestant, Gnostic, Mormon, Evangelical, Anglican or Orthodox, or follower of another branch of the religion.
In Christianity it is perfectly ok to have the place of worship can be a Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings.
Use of statues and pictures is perfectly ok - quite unlike the no idols in other Semetic origin cults like Judaism and Islam.
Rituals and Holy Days
Special Holy Days are prescribed for specific prayers and rituals
- Sunday (The Lord's Day)
- Christmas - birth of Christ
- Easter - resurrection of Christ - proves that he was the son of god
- Holy Week - specific to Catholicism
Sunday, Mass Rituals
Catholics are expected to participate in the liturgical life, celebrate and revere Jesus' sacrifice on the cross at Mass.
7 Sacraments are common but more important to Catholics
The celebration of seven sacraments is more important to Catholics
Anointing of Sick
Other Christians are supposed to be devout and can do at home or at church: Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion.
Confessional, Rabbi, Advisory - one of 7 Sacraments
God always forgives sins via the sacrifice of Jesus - provided you "accept the grace of Jesus".
Catholics Confess to priests for absolution from sins in the name of Christ (John 20:22-23). Prayer to the Saints.
Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God
Protestants confess straight to God.
Orthodox have similar Confessional practices as Catholics.
Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional.
Marriage Rituals - Matrimony Sacrament
Marriage is sacrament between one man and one woman.
Divorce is a non-religious state area in Christianity but does not exist in Catholicism, but there is annulment (that the marriage was invalid to begin with) by competent church official.