Educational TV

By pjain      Published May 26, 2021, 11:19 p.m. in blog Education   

==== Education TV, Open

Educational television or Instructional television

The use of television programs in the field of distance education. It may be in the form of individual television programs or dedicated specialty channels that is often associated with cable television in the United States as Public, educational, and government access (PEG) channel providers.

Adult education programs for an older audience

Many of these are instructional television or "telecourse" services that can be taken for college credit. Examples of these include Open University programs on BBC television in the UK.

Benefits, EduTech and Validation


In the social aspects of television, several studies have found that educational television has many advantages.

The Media Awareness Network in "The Good Things about Television" says that television can be a very powerful and effective learning tool for children if used wisely and can help young people discover where they fit into society, develop closer relationships with peers and family, and teach them to understand complex social aspects of communication.

Sabido Method

Mexican TV producer Miguel Sabido pioneered in the 1970s the use of telenovela to disseminate the government's policy views to mass audiences.The "Sabido Method" has been adopted by a number of countries, including India, Kenya, Peru, and China.


  1. The Sentinel Award, which is administered by the University of Southern California's Annenberg Center for Communication, the CDC and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), is given each year to programs that address health and medical issues in their storylines.

Children's educational television series

These are dedicated learning programs to those that indirectly teach the viewers. Some series are written to have a specific moral behind every episode, often explained at the end by the character that learned the lesson.

Quality is Dubious

Television series are often noted for negative reception, from around the world, either by published critics, by network executives or by audience response, can be judged based on poor quality, the lack of a budget, rapid cancellation, very low viewership, offensive content, and/or negative impact on other series on the same channel.

In some cases, a show that is acceptable on its own merits can be put in a position where it does not belong and be judged "worst ever." In many cases, "worst television series ever" lists are slanted toward more contemporary shows, in recent memory.

Kids and Saturday Cartoons Shows from 20m to 1m by 2000s

1947 and 1950s. Early children's shows included Kukla, Fran and Ollie, Howdy Doody, and Captain Kangaroo. Many of the earliest Westerns were targeted at a children's audience, stemming back to when children's radio serials often were set in a Western setting.

In the United States, Saturday mornings were generally scheduled with cartoons.

1960s to 1980s as 20m viewership

1990s Cartoons Went All Week. The Saturday cartoons were less of a draw due to the various cable cartoon channels (Nickelodeon, Disney Channel, and Cartoon Network, etc.) being available all week starting in the 1990s.

2003 2m viewership in Cartoon Blocks

2008 Infomercials replaced the cartoon on Fox Networks as the most money grubbing network.

2014, the last traditional Saturday network morning cartoon block, Vortexx, ended and was replaced the following week by the syndicated One Magnificent Morning on The CW.

Why Declined - not profitable compared to teen comedies, cost to produce

1992, Teen comedies and a "Today" show weekend edition were first to displace the Saturday cartoon blocks on NBC.

2002, the networks turned to their affiliated cable cartoon channels or outside programmers for their blocks. The other two Big Three television networks soon did the same.

Role of VCRs and DVRs

Recordable options became more prevalent in the 1990s with Videocassette recorder and then its 21st-century replacements of DVDs, DVRs and streaming services.

How they Engage Kids - Noise, Slapstick

Ads financed Educational TV - Soap Operas for Kids!

In the United States, early children's television was often a marketing branch of a larger corporate product and it rarely contained any educational elements. - The Magic Clown, a popular early children's program, was primarily an advertisement for Bonomo's Turkish taffy product. - Sugary Cereals were the ads focus like P&G ads on Soap Operas for Kids' Moms!

1980s This practice continued, albeit in a much toned-down manner in the United States, when the Federal Communications Commission prohibited tie-in advertising on broadcast television.

Note FCC regulations do not apply to cable, which is out of the reach of the FCC's content regulations.

The effect of advertising to children remains heavily debated and extensively studied.[5][6][7][8]

Later non-educational children's television programs included the science fiction programmes of Irwin Allen (most notably Lost in Space[citation needed]), the fantasy series of Sid and Marty Krofft, the extensive cartoon empire of Hanna-Barbera and the numerous sitcoms that aired as part of TGIF in the 1990s, many of these programs fit a broader description of family-friendly television, targeting a broad demographic that includes adults without excluding children.

Commercial free children television debuted with Sesame Street on the Public Broadcasting Service PBS in the United States November 1969, produced by what is today the Sesame Workshop.


Children's programming can be targeted toward persons 2 to 11 years of age.

No TV programs for 0-2 years

Few television networks target infants and toddlers under two years of age, in part due to widespread opposition to the practice.

Preschoolers 2 to 6 years old

They are not going to school or only for half day KG. TV serves as a baby sitter

Adventure series in simple fashion modeled around radio shows from 1920s to 1950s.

Adaptations of illustrated children's book series are one kind of shows targeted at younger children.

1970s. Preschool-oriented programming is generally more overtly educational. In a number of cases, such shows are produced in consultation with educators and child psychologists in an effort to teach age-appropriate lessons (the series Sesame Street pioneered this approach when it debuted in 1969).

1990s. Further evolution is more animated format that has increased in popularity since the 1990s (see, for example, Blue's Clues, Dora the Explorer, and Mickey Mouse Clubhouse) is the "pseudo-interactive" program, in which the action of the show stops and breaks the fourth wall to give a young viewer the opportunity to answer a question or dilemma put forth on the show, with the action continuing as if the viewer answered correctly.

Preteens 6 to 11 years old - mainly entertainment

Older children or preteen/tween demographic (6 to 11 years old) generally are weaned away

Shows that target the demographic of persons 6 to 11 years old focus primarily on entertainment.

Initially ranged from animated comedic cartoons (with an emphasis on slapstick)

Evolved to action series.

Most children's television series targeting this age range are animated (with a few exceptions, perhaps the best-known being the long-running Power Rangers franchise).

Most shows often specifically target boys (especially in the case of action series), girls or sometimes both.

Efforts to create educational programming for this demographic have had a mixed record of success.

2000s. This tweens demographic targetted series made up the bulk of educational programming on broadcast television in the first decade of the 2000s. But they also tend to have very low viewership.

PBS had somewhat greater success with its now defunct educational programming block, PBS Kids GO!, that targets the tweens demographic.

Teens 11-17 - just not into kids TV series - Disney Focused target

Dramatic Live-action series

They include teen dramas and teen sitcoms.

In some cases, they may contain more mature content that is usually not permissible on shows targeting younger viewers, and can include some profanity or suggestive dialogue.

Animated programming is not generally targeted at this demographic.

Cartoons that are aimed at teenagers generally feature more crude humor than those oriented toward younger children.

Educational programming targeted at this demographic has historically been rare, other than on NASA TV's education block.

Ads loophole for Teens. Litton Entertainment's entered into educational television in the early 2010s, as Litton's programs exploited a loophole in U.S. regulations that allows teen-oriented programs to be counted as educational but not be subject to restrictions on advertising for children's programs.

However, some programming aimed at the demographic has had some tangential educational value in regards to social issues, such as the now-defunct T-NBC block of sitcoms, which often tackled issues such as underage drinking or drug use.

Evolution of Major Series for Very Young Kids 2-11 years - Radio, Storybooks, Cartoons to Information

Some television shows incorporate a considerable degree of historical or factual information while attempting to make the presentation or framing of such content entertaining or exciting. By making learning seem "exciting" they can be said to stimulate curiosity.

1930s US adventure radio story serials such as Little Orphan Annie began to emerge, becoming a staple of children's afternoon radio listening.

1952 to 1965 Ding Dong School, which aired from was one of the first attempts to produce educational programming for very young children; its creator and host, Frances Horwich, would sit in front of the camera and simulate small talk with the viewing audience at home, demonstrating basic skills for the camera.

Later "educational" shows for very young children include Sesame Street, The Electric Company and Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.

Sesame Street

This show was produced in consultation with educators and child psychologists in an effort to teach age-appropriate lessons when it debuted in 1969.

Dora the Explorer

Dominance by BBC

Children's television is created for many markets, with notable successes like Play School, Noggin the Nog, and Thunderbirds originating from the UK, Belle and Sebastian

1922 BBC's Children's Hour, BBC School Radio

Television for children tended to originate from similar programs on radio esp. in 1920s UK under the state-funded BBC.


EU has limited Educational TV impact due to English

The Magic Roundabout from France, The Singing Ringing Tree from Germany


Canadian studio Nelvana is a particularly prolific producer of children's programming. Much of Nelvana's product is broadcast worldwide, especially in the United States, where the similarities in dialect require without any dubbing or localization.

English-language children's specialty channels in Canada are primarily owned by Corus Entertainment and DHX Media. Corus operates YTV, Treehouse, and Teletoon, as well as localized versions of the Cartoon Network, Disney Channel, Disney Junior, Disney XD, and Nickelodeon brands. DHX operates Family Channel, as well as the spin-off services Chrgd and Family Jr.. BBC Kids was the only English-language children's television channel in Canada that is not owned by Corus or DHX; since 2011 to its close in December 2018, it has been majority owned and operated by British Columbia's public broadcaster Knowledge Network.

In French, Corus operates Télétoon and La chaîne Disney, DHX operates Télémagino (a French version of Family Jr.), TVA Group operates the preschool-oriented Yoopa, and Bell Media runs the teen-oriented Vrak. Via its majority-owned subsidiary Telelatino, Corus also operates two children and family-oriented networks in Spanish and Italian, TeleNiños and Telebimbi respectively.

On broadcast television and satellite to cable undertakings, children's television content is relegated to the country's public and designated provincial educational broadcasters, including CBC Television and Ici Radio-Canada Télé, as well as City Saskatchewan, CTV Two Alberta (formerly Access), Knowledge Network, Télé-Québec, TFO, and TVOntario (TVOKids).

Aided by the cultural similarities between Canada and the United States, along with film credits and subsidies available from the Canadian government, a large number of animated children's series have been made in Canada with the intention of exporting them to the United States. Such programs carry a prominent Government of Canada wordmark in their closing credits.

Rest of the World

  • Marine Boy from Japan.

1990 Children's Television Act failed

This was first fully enforced in 1996, requires broadcast television stations in the United States to carry a minimum of three hours of "educational/informational" programming geared directly at children.

The move prompted an exodus of non-educational children's programming to cable television and largely failed in its efforts to expand the amount of educational television on the airwaves. In fact, children's television in general has declined significantly on broadcast television since the act was imposed.

It can be argued that the E/I regulations could very well be the only thing keeping children's television on broadcast airwaves in the 2010s.

FCC rule changes in the 1990s regarding the E/I programming and limitation on kid-focus advertising made the cartoons less profitable. Another possible contributor is the rising divorce rate and the following children's visitation pushed more "quality time" with the kids instead of TV watching.

Cable Outside FCC Regulation - Migration of "Childrens' TV to Cable"

The 1990 Children's TV act prompted an exodus of non-educational children's programming to cable television

Note FCC regulations do not apply to cable, which is out of the reach of the FCC's content regulations.

1980s This practice continued, albeit in a much toned-down manner in the United States, when the Federal Communications Commission prohibited tie-in advertising on broadcast television.

Proper Science for Kids and Pre-teens and Teens

Bill Nye the Science Guy

Incidental educational value shows for Edutainment

Some programs are primarily aimed at entertainment, but may contain an incidental amount of educational content. Educational content may be inherent to the design of the show

While some programs are typically "pure" entertainment, they may foray into educational content at select times. For older viewers, individual situation comedy episodes also occasionally serve as educational entertainment vehicles. These episodes are sometimes described in United States television commercial parlance as very special episodes.

As early as the 1950s, children-aimed shows like "Watch Mr Wizard" were made which could be considered edutainment.


How it Works for Kids to Adults

Discovery Channel - Built fortune fighting Disney Princess Model

Is known for its various shows that follow that theme, including MythBusters.

Public Broadcasting Service (PBS)

Annenberg Foundation (The Annenberg Channel)



Mockumentaries faking it

On the other hand, some programs may seem for the lay public to contain educational content, but are actually completely fictional. It is up to experts to figure out if a specific TV program uses realistic or fictional plots. One example for only seemingly real programs are mockumentaries.

Nature Specials

Crime fighting with Science

  1. Numb3rs - for a storyline about fighting crime using mathematics.

Medical dramas

The plot invariably explores anatomical and biological issues.

  1. Grey's Anatomy - for story lines about organ transplantation and cancer.

  2. As the World Turns - for a breast cancer storyline that involved a major character.

  3. George Lopez - for a storyline about a kidney transplant.

History Dramas - not very Scientific

The History Channel has transitioned from producing primarily factual and historical documentaries to more sensational, dramatic, and supposedly entertaining programs, with educational content a secondary concern.

Social Dramas

  1. Ben & Izzy - for a storyline about two children, Ben from America and Izzy from Jordan, who form a close bond despite their different cultural backgrounds.

Indian Educational TV, Youtube

Importance of YouTube

YouTube as a platform has got more than 2 billion users and that counts as one-third of the Internet. It is considered as one of the best platforms to start learning a skill. This is the reason that we also have created a separate segment on our website to feature the best YouTube channels for different tech skills.

Nursery Fun, Rhymes

Sesame Street for PreK-1

Fans of the Street will learn to count, say the alphabet, about kindness and the properties of Sesame Street. Older videos – the ones parents remember – can also be found on the Sesame Street YouTube Channel.

Edewcate 280 vids, 330m views

Very varied nursery rhyme channel providing compilations of English, Hindi, Telugu, French, Spanish nursery rhymes that are designed to enthrall kids in the age group of 2-8 years. It’s no wonder that kindergarteners are churning out to be that smart.


  • CoCoMelon
  • Loo Loo kids
  • Alphablocks

Tweens, Pre-teens Fun, Educational

Challenge is to provide wholesome entertainment for children of all ages.

Numberocks for grades: 1-3

If animation isn’t your kid’s game and he or she prefers songs, this has Songs about math teach kids fractions, place value and coins, among others.

ZEE Kids 6m subs

The channel provides kids with a mixture of animation and DIY content. So, this is not your go-to destination for academic learning but fun learning.

KidzeeAnshul for 5-10 years

NatGeo Kids for grades: 1-6

Videos range from geography lessons to underwater sea exploration. Kids can go on adventures with Barbie, take a trip behind the scenes of Explorer Academy, learn “Weird But True” facts about the planet in a minute or less, and tackle questions about science.

McGraw-Hill for PreK-12

Initially designed for teachers, this is a great resource for parents who have just become teachers to help find videos to teach about subjects from science to literature. Some of the most popular downloaded videos are animations about comparing and contrasting and using context clues in reading.

7 Active studio 100 vids, 800k views

7Active Studio is an educational 3D digital content provider for K-12 and customizes educational pedagogy for use by students lecturers and colleges alike. The most special feature is 2d and 3d video animation which helps students learn interactively be in smart classes of the school or at home. Some of the topics that they cover on their channel are Physics, Biology, Zoology, Medical Materials, and more. All the videos are created in a three-dimensional environment to help students learn them in a better way. 7ActiveStudio is the best fit for students who are not satisfied with the general video lectures.

School, Homework help, Math, Science - 1000 videos, 17m views


TutorVista is available 24 x 7 to help you with your homework, solving the typical problems. Helping you with your concepts in physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, homework is no more a burden.

Meritnation 200 vids, 2m views

With a claim of being India’s biggest online education portal, their overall thrust is especially for children in high school with a comprehensive support from class 1st to 12th to make classroom education easy- “school made easy”. A brainchild of Pavan Chauhan and implementing his academic pedagogy, he has introduced numerous innovations in the areas of content, delivery formats, reports assessment, gamification techniques and many more to help children understand school curriculum.

LearnoHub 1m subs

LearnoHub was earlier known as Exam Fear and is one of the most popular channels chain in the K-12 segment. They are providing educational lessons for classes 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12th. Talking about the subjects they teach Physics, Maths, Biology, English, etc.

Mathantics for grades: 1-8

Covering topics from Algebra to Pythagorean Theorem to Decimal Arithmetic, Mathantics are a combination of math and animation that makes learning math actually fun. Each video is nine to 13 minutes long, and there are more than 70 videos on the site.

English Language Learning

For Indians, learning English is an important part of career growth. Topics can include Vocabulary, Interview Skills, Spoken English Lessons, and more.

Let’s Talk

Different topics in English are introduced in byte-sized videos on a regular basis, anyone can learn to speak the language effectively.

Science and Technology, How it Works

Arvind Gupta 5350 vids, 36m views

Arvind Gupta develops a scientific temperament with his indigenous experiments making it fun to learn with concepts that are hard to grasp for teens and pre-teens in school. They boast of the world’s most economic model of outreach program where videos are accessed by viewers in 234 countries in 18 different languages. With an aim to revolutionize the conceptual understanding of kids in terms of maths and Science.

The Curious engineer 44 vids, 1m views

Learn difficult concepts with doodles. A one of its kind web portal where you get to understand, the difficult intricacies of mechanics, alike with illustrations and get a holistic perspective on some of the very famous technical terms be it RAM or Trojans- the everyday technical jargons. Do you know what they are or want to fine-tune your knowledge?

Medicine by Dr. Praveen Chaudhary 360 vids, 12m views

For students who consider medicine to be their worst enemy, fear no more! With this YouTube channel, Mr.Chaudhary explains the core fundamentals by providing video operations and hence giving a dose of practical knowledge to medicine students online.Having a dose of your medicine, is it?

Mr. Indian Hacker 8m subs

Science channel with experiments and show people how things work.


Fun take on science and experiments and but DIY videos, magic tricks.

Learn Engineering 3.5m subs

Sabin Mathew, an IIT Delhi post-graduate in 2012 started uploading quality videos for engineering students. They create graphical videos explaining some of the biggest misconceptions and also some complicated technologies.

Neso Academy 800k subs

Help students grasp concepts about some important subjects including Digital Electronics, Data Structures, and Theory of Computation.

IT, Software Training

Arun Kumar 600 vids, 3m views

Arun Kumar provides Photoshop Tutorials, Adobe Lightroom 5 Tutorials and Digital Photography Tutorials, Illustrator Tutorial, After Effects Tp Tutorials. Learning photoshop was never this fun!

GK, Entrance Exam Prep

Government exams need students to get good marks in General Knowledge sections. It is not easy to remember each and everything that comes under GK and thus it requires some tips and tricks.

Unacademy 323 vids, 3m views

For preparing for Civil Services especially Essay writing for IAS Preparation Online. They provide study material for IAS Exam, IAS Civil Services Exam, UPSC Preparation all in all at the convenience of your desktop. A brainchild of Gaurav Munjal and Roman Saini, they make it easier for the IAS aspirants to tread on the long journey of cracking the exam in this IAS obsessed country. Roman is an IAS officer himself & got AIR of 18 in the exam at the age of 22 while he was studying MBBS from AIIMS. The duo started this channel to serve millions of UPSC aspirants in India. Check out their channel & videos!

Every individual channel is focusing on one of the exams and regular live sessions are organized. Students can go through the old videos from the video section and can learn online for free. Their main YouTube channels below: Bank Pro, Unacademy JEE, Let’s Crack UPSC CSE

Pretty Uzlain Government jobs, 60 vids, 1.3m views

With a thrust to help candidates land Government jobs related to banking or railways exams etc, she has her video diary helping people with syllogism, permutations and combinations and the likes with the query basically arising from mathematics.

Mahendras 4m subs

By Mahendra Educational Private Limited specialized in facilitating online classes for Bank, SSC, Railways & other competitive examinations. It is another channel that is creating quality educational content for the past many years.

Study IQ Education 800k subs, 60m views/mo

Trains students for different government exams. These exams include UPSC, SSC CGL, Bank PO. LIC and more such exams. Regular content around the subjects related to these exams is shared and watched all over the country. You can move to the Playlists section to find videos for different subjects and exams. Also, you can watch the live sessions regularly to keep updated with the latest lectures and study material.


Started in 2014 with 20k subscribers on a daily basis and have received around 1.6 billion views which may be the highest in the education niche in India. wifistudy creates video content for the students preparing for government exams. With both study material and live sessions, they are covering all the topics and subjects as per the new pattern and syllabus of specific exams. The main exams that they cover are SSC, Banking, Railway, Clerk, and more. By providing free lectures on all the major subjects and topics they are helping students learn them effectively. You can move to their Playlist section to find videos in an ordered format.

Crazy GkTrick 4m subs

Finance and Literacy

These channels is to improve financial literacy, stock market, investments, etc in India and to enable people to learn about stock markets in the most simplified way.

CA Rachana Phadke Ranade 1m subs

Uploaded by Chartered Accountant Rachna Ranade, BCOM, and Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM) & Master in Business Studies (MBS).

Pranjal Kamra 1.6m

The channel focuses on beginners who want to understand about value investing, stock analysis, and behavioral finance.


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