Health Care Around the World
Health Care Systems Startups in USA
United States health care is run by most distinct organization and with its remarkable health care facilities it’s on the third spot. These facilities are majorly owned and run by private sector companies. The health insurance provided by the government is mainly for public sector employees. Under the age group of 65 most are insured by their employer or the family member’s employer, some of them who can afford it are self-insured and the rest stay uninsured. The government covers 27.8 percent of the population in its direct cover programs. The available health facilities for every 10,000 persons in the country at present are 31 beds, 27 physicians, 98 nurses.
G20 European Health Systems
Germany - Best Health Infrastructure
Germany has a universal health care system, which is providing healthcare and financial aid to all its citizens and comes in specified packages. It also is the oldest universal health care system in the world.
Insurance in Germany are mainly of two types, law enforced and private insurance. As for the numbers, for every 10,000 persons the available number of beds is 82, 35 physicians and 108 nurses.
United Kingdom has separate systems for handling the healthcare of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. Each of them provides public healthcare to all the permanent inhabitants, which is free when availed and is paid through general taxation. In addition to the public health care services, there are private healthcare systems which are smaller compared to the public counterparts. As for the number of facilities for every 10,000 persons it is 34 beds, 21 physicians and 103 Nurses.
Italy like most countries provides the blend of private and public healthcare system, covering the insurance part. The National Health Service called the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN) is the public part run by the Ministry of Health and managed on a regional basis. The hospitalization and surgeries offered by public hospitals are absolutely free of cost for everyone, irrespective of their income. However the waiting period for surgeries can go up to months. Italy is on the sixth place with 37 beds, 42 physicians and 65 nurses for every 10,000 persons.
Australia provides both private and public insurance, through private and government organizations respectively. Medicare is the public health care system, which finances the free universal entry to hospital treatment and sponsors the out-of-hospital medical treatment. The private healthcare organization gets its funds from a number of private health care insurance companies. As per the survey, Australia promotes and delivers a high healthy life through its well developed health care, and is fourth on the list with best health care facilities. The number of beds per 10,000 persons is 38, physicians 30 and nurses 96.
Developing BRICs, Next 20
Russia when compared to other countries in the world has the most number of healthcare employees, physicians and hospitals. However the health care industry has shown a decline since the disintegration of the Soviet Union as a result of the change in social lifestyle and economy. The health care reform started since Vladimir Putin became the president. Since 2000 Russia has incorporated major growth in the public health care sector. In 2010 he announced a large scale reform and took an oath to give out over 300 billion rubles in the coming few years to boost the countries health care system. Russia with 97 beds, 43 physicians and 85 nurses for every 10,000 persons is on the fifth place.
Brazil provides both private and public insurance to Brazilians through the respective private and government organizations. The national health policy is managed by the ministry of health and ageing. The primary health care is taken care by the central government, however with settings like hospital operations it is supervised by the states individually. As for the public health care it’s accessible to all permanent residents and also includes the foreigners in Brazilian territory. There are many international health organizations established in Brazil. The facilities are estimated as 24 Beds, 17 Physicians and 65 nurses for every 10,000 persons.
In India the universal health care system is the main contributor of health care plans which is prompted by the state and territory constituents. The primary duty declared by the constitution for every state is to increase the level of nutrition and improve the quality of living for its people and enhance the public health care. The private health care system is available in large number too, which is paid by the patient or the insurance company. Both private and public insurance companies cover medical care in the country. India is on the 12th place on the health care infrastructure list, with 9 beds, 6 physicians and 13 nurses.
NCDs are the main cause of morbidity and mortality and are responsible for more than 63 percent of deaths in the world and more than two thirds of the total disease burden in India.
China has accomplished near universal coverage in a very short time after pilot programmes for public hospital reforms in China at a more convenient price. These advances have helped China remain the world's manufacturing floor.
But, the increased insurance coverage has not yet been effective in reducing patients' financial risks as many bankruptcies as Chinese get ever older with few children to support them.
* data from Chinese National Health Services Survey for medical insurance coverage
Mending the existing healthcare system with the assistance of the new rural co-operative medical care organization
Provides medical care to the impoverished.
Replacing Traditional with Allopathic. China has a long history of traditional health care system, developed over two thousand years, now these are being replaced by the new advanced methods of treatment.
Rapid Urbanization - great stress on town hospitals. With its urban population of more than 680m in 2012 outnumbering its rural residents now.While this offers great opportunities in the improvements of health-care access and basic health infrastructure.
NCDs Rise. Deteriorating Activity, changing diets and lifestyle, air and water pollution, and occupational and traffic hazards. Growing urbanization is one of the socioeconomic risks for non-communicable disease (NCDs), which has already become China's number one health threat. Chronic kidney disease, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease are often closely associated, sharing common risk factors and treatments, and hence they would benefit from a coordinated approach to prevention and control. NCDs are the main cause of morbidity and mortality and are responsible for more than 63 percent of deaths in the world and more than two thirds of the total disease burden in India.
APIs Monopoly. China produces 80-90% of the pharmaceutical mid-products used by "pharmas" in the West and India often simply producing pills or not even that - just repackaging China sourced materials.
Taking the eight place is South Africa. Even though South Africa has made it to the list of the best health care facilities, the situation is quite bleak. South Africa like most countries has the private and public health care system. While the public sector provides medical assistance to the large majority of the population, it is severely understaffed and underfunded. The private system stands as a contrast to the public counterpart with better facilities, where the majority of the wealthy population gets their treatment. With 28 beds, 8 physicians and 41 nurses per 10,000 persons South Africa needs to gear up its medical infrastructure.
Sri Lanka is on the ninth place, it has come a long way from its traditional healthcare system. Now the country is showing a positive shift towards restoring better health facilities for its residents. Sri Lanka has both private and public health care providers. With the Ministry of Health formulating quality services, more attention is paid towards the improvement of quality and safety of health care organizations. The National Pharmaceutical Policy has made quality drugs available at affordable prices. With numbers as less as 31 beds, 5 physicians and 19 nurses for every 10,000 persons, Sri Lanka has large area to cover in the health care regime.
Thailand has shown significant health care development. The majority of which is provided by the public services. Thailand health schemes cover 99.5 percent of the population with the health protection coverage, as per World Bank. Some of the private hospitals also contribute to the government programs. However they are run by the private funding of the patients and through the private insurance companies. With 22 beds, 3 physicians and 15 nurses per 10,000 persons Thailand has to take more effective steps on medical services in order to improve on the development scale.