Indus Valley Civilization

By pjain      Published Oct. 11, 2019, 5:44 p.m. in blog Humanities-History-Blog   

Indus Valley Civilization

The large, well-planned cities of the IVC included sewer and water systems, as well as long-distance trade networks that stretched as far as Mesopotamia.

The Indus Valley Civilisation possessed considerable skills when it came to town planning and building.

The cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro are laid out in grids, with individual homes supplied with water from wells and waste water diverted to covered drains. This is perhaps the world's first known sanitation system.

Some houses had two storeys, a bath and a courtyard.

The needs of citizens were catered for with municipal buildings, marketplaces, dockyards, granaries, warehouses and protective walls to shield inhabitants from floods and attack.

Unlike in other early human civilisations, no evidence of temples or palaces have been found, yet evidence suggests the Indus had a social hierarchy.

It's thought most city dwellers were traders or artisans, with elaborate pottery, beads and metalwork recovered.

Sites - millions of people?

This map depicts the geographical span of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), showing the location of Rakhigarhi (blue) in Harayana, other significant IVC sites (red), and sites to the north and west from other archaeological cultures (other colors). The yellow labels indicate two sites where a minority of buried individuals yielded ancient DNA which matched that of the Rakhigarhi individual. SRC: Vasant Shinde / Deccan College Post Graduate and Research Institute



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