Integrating Muslims in the Developed World
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- Muslims in Europe
- Overview of Policies
- Muslim Births Explosion in EU Realities - Much higher Birthrates vs Elder EU
- Germany Leading Liberal REFUGEE Policy
- French Backlash
- Italy goes Right Wing as EU teats pulled away!
- UK skirts Colonial Legacy - keeps Pakis in line!
- Catholic Spain,Ireland Resist being "assimilated"
- EU Immigration, Refugee policies and Retrenchment
- History and Timeline
- Muslims Refugees and Immigration from Europe colonies and Arab
- Largest Muslim % Countries in Europe in 2020 and bordering Europe
Muslims in Europe
Overview of Policies
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- By 2010, an estimated 44 million Muslims were living in Europe (6%), including an estimated 19 million in the EU (3.8%). They are projected to comprise 8% by 2030. Overall 2.7% of world's
Muslim Births Explosion in EU Realities - Much higher Birthrates vs Elder EU
A forecast an increase of Muslims in European population from 6% in 2010 to 8% in 2030. It is predicted that Muslim fertility rate in Europe would drop from 2.2 in 2010 to 2.0 in 2030 - Pew Research Center January 2011,
Germany Leading Liberal REFUGEE Policy
The majority of the Muslim population is Turkish, with many retaining strong links to Turkey. Others arrived from Bosnia and Kosovo during the Balkan wars.
German greedy WORKER policy gets a Hard Punch in Nose from Jihadis
Until recently Muslims were considered "guest workers", who would one day leave the country - a view that is changing as Germany accepts these cheap labor is not really better than Eastern European subsidiaries for production.
Germany is now taking sharp steps to improve integration.
Skinheads get a cause?
Neo-nazi and racist violence is a sensitive issue especially in Eastern Germany.
German authorities trying a range of strategies to beat it.
COLONIAL LEGACY - The French Muslim population is the largest in western Europe. About 70% have their heritage in former north African colonies of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. France favours integration and many Muslims are citizens.
One problem (especially in densely urban Paris) are Muslim ghettos where they have concentrated and reached a critical mass to have mosques and let Jihadis overpower the moderate but silent majority. There has been criticism that Muslims face high unemployment and often live in poor suburbs.
Since 2015 the growth of the community has challenged the French ideal of strict separation of religion and public life.
A French ban on religious symbols in public schools provoked a major national row as it was widely regarded as being a ban on the Islamic headscarf. Late 2005 saw widespread and prolonged rioting among mainly immigrant communities across France.
Italy goes Right Wing as EU teats pulled away!
Italy with a rapidly aging and least fertile total population of 58 million has a muslim population that somehow skirted a nearly 500k-1m (?) Libyan invasion in boats. Somehow they got the boat people to pass on to more liberal other countries especially France. It actually become an income generator for Italy as they got large EU bailouts and support for refugee camps and then saw them on their way to better pastures.
Then France and Austria shut their borders, and EU applied "First Country of entrance" gets to keep them, as well as greatly reduced money to support refugee camps. No wonder that Italian hot air leftists shut up and right-wingers shut refugee boats down. One of the most successful programs has been to BRIBE tribe chiefs in North Africa NOT to allow refugees through their lands. Sort of blackmail money.
Background: The Muslim population is diverse, the largest group coming from Morocco. Others are from elsewhere in North Africa, south Asia, Albania, and the Middle East. Most arrived from the 1980s onwards, many of them as students. Italy is working to formalise relations between the state and the Muslim community. Up to 160,000 Muslims are Italian born. Most Muslims have the right to reside and work in Italy, but are not citizens.
UK skirts Colonial Legacy - keeps Pakis in line!
Catholic Spain,Ireland Resist being "assimilated"
- Islam in Europe - Wikipedia%20in%20the%20European%20Union.)
- GREAT Muslim Population Growth in Europe | Pew Research Center
- OLD DATA BBC NEWS | Europe | Muslims in Europe: Country guide
EU Immigration, Refugee policies and Retrenchment
How many are non-active, traditional Islamic moderates and Jihadi extremists?
A huge debate on Muslim demographics is whether the Muslim are accurate as they do not take into account the increasing number of non-religious Muslims. -- Darren E. Sherkat in Foreign Affairs
- American data indicates that 22% of those raised Muslim no longer embrace Islam in adulthood, and 18% hold no religious identification. -- US General Social Survey
Refugees and Immigration to Work early policies
In the 1970s Muslims arrived eg in Northern European states like Denmark from Turkey, Pakistan, Morocco and the former Yugoslavia to work.
In the 1980s and 90s the majority of Muslim arrivals were refugees and asylum seekers from Iran, Iraq, Somalia and Bosnia. Access to housing and employment have been sources of concern for Muslims in Denmark. (A minority have citizenship)
By 2010 was in the heyday of come-one-come-all refugee policies - EU to save the world, accepted millions from Turkey, mostly Syrians and Italy accepted 500,000+ Libyans.
An estimated 3.7 million Muslims migrated to Europe between mid-2010 and mid-2016, - 2.5 m regular migrants entering legally as workers, family unification, students, etc., - 1 m of Muslim refugees arrived in peak migration years of 2014 and mid-2016 - 0.3 m Muslims expecting refugee status outside peak 2014-2015
Social Welfare HUGE Burden - Already high taxes going up?
But Europe got scared with a series of Jihadi attacks, and fears that North Africa and Balkans would empty tens of millions into Europe.
Reconsidering - by 2017 early growth projections were that Muslims would become a majority of births and swamp the white Christian Europeans by 2050 or 2100, etc. A Pew later study in 2017 projected that in 2050
- 7.4% Muslims on immediate and permanently stop immigration in a “zero migration” scenario - 14% Muslims in a “high” migration scenario
2020 Such refugee and immigration policies seem now abandoned.
Islam Hits Christian Theocracy Resistance
- Islam is the second largest religion in Europe after Christianity
Phobias in 2020
Muslims are often the subject of intense discussion and political controversy created by events such as terrorist attacks, the cartoons affair in Denmark, debates over Islamic dress, and ongoing support for right-wing populist parties that view Muslims as a threat to European culture. Such events have also fueled growing debate regarding the topic of Islamophobia, attitudes toward Muslims, and the populist right.
History and Timeline
750ad+ Moorish Expansion
Islam entered southern Europe through the expansion of "Moors" of North Africa in the 8th–10th centuries; Muslim political entities existed firmly in what is today Spain, Portugal, Sicily and Malta for several centuries.
1450+ Expulsion and Forced Conversions
The Muslim community in these territories was converted or expelled by the end of the 15th century by Christian polities. - Forced conversion and expulsion of Moslims Reconquista - Wikipedia
Muslims Refugees and Immigration from Europe colonies and Arab
Massive initial influx of Muslim Immigrations
In the late 1990-2018 large numbers of Muslims immigrated to Western Europe. By 2010, an estimated 44 million Muslims were living in Europe (6%), including an estimated 19 million in the EU (3.8%). They are projected to comprise 8% by 2030.
Islam has been recognised as an official religion in Austria for many years, meaning that it has a role in the religious teaching in schools. Vienna has historically been regarded as the point where the Islamic world reached its most western point, a critical battle in Austria in the 16th century marking the beginning of the decline of the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
Largest Muslim % Countries in Europe in 2020 and bordering Europe
Transcontinental countries, such as Turkey, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan have large Muslim populations The Balkans has had centuries of association with Islam as many parts of it were part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
Turkey 99% - a powerful dictatorship and refugee source on the Border, Nato/EU in 2020
1400s-1922 Ottoman Empire/Turkish penetration of Southeastern Europe
Today transcontinental Turkey and its neighbor Azerbaijan have large Muslim populations
The Ottoman Empire expanded into southeastern Europe, invading and conquering huge portions of the Serbian Empire, Bulgarian Empire, and all the remaining Byzantine Empire in the 14th and 15th centuries. Over the centuries, the Ottoman Empire also gradually lost almost all of its European territories, until the empire collapsed in 1922. Some Balkan countries continue to have large populations of native Muslims, though the majority are secular.
9m Turks a separate ethnic group
As of 2011, 9 million Turks were living in Europe outside of Turkey - the largest immigrant Muslim population in Europe.
The percentage of Muslims is 93.5% in Kosovo
58.8% of Albania adheres to Islam, making it the largest religion in the country. The majority of Albanian Muslims are Secular Sunni with a significant Bektashi Shia minority. An older 2010 BBC/UK Foreign service had indicated 70% were Muslim.
Religious worship was banned in Albania until the transition from Stalinist state to democracy in the 1990s. Islam is now openly recognised as the country's major religion and most Albanians are Sunni Muslim by virtue of the nation's history and being in Balkans. While the empire is long gone, the culture remained in place. Significant populations of Albanian Muslims now exist in a number of other European countries.
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51%
The percentage of Muslims is 50.7% in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Total population: 3.8 million Muslim population: 1.5 million (40%) - old 2010 UK Foreign office data
Large numbers of Muslims lived under Austrian rule when Bosnia-Hercegovina was annexed by Austria-Hungary in 1908. Many of Austria's Muslims have roots in Turkey and others arrived from the Balkans during the 1990s wars - partly because of historical ties.
Bosnia-Hercegovina is still recovering from the bloody inter-ethnic war of 1992-95. Around 250,000 people died in the conflict between Bosnian Muslims, Croats and Serbs. Almost 8,000 Muslims were killed by Bosnian Serbs at Srebrenica in 1995 - Europe's worst atrocity since World War II. Many Muslims were displaced, as were members of other communities. A peacekeeping force remains in the country, whose frontiers have long been considered the western borders of the Islamic faith in Europe.
The percentage of Muslims is 39.3% in North Macedonia (according to the 2002 Census, 46.5% of the children aged 0–4 were Muslim in Macedonia)
The percentage of Muslims is 93% in Azerbaijan
- 700+ AD Caucasus and Azerbaijan expansion Islam expanded into the Caucasus through the Muslim conquest of Persia in the 7th century. Transcontinental countries, such as Turkey, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan have large Muslim populations
Kazakhstan - Oil and China Belt-and-Road coming through!
Estimates of the percentage of Muslims in Russia (the biggest group of Muslims in Europe) vary widely from 5% to 11.7%. The large variation is whether they are actively practicing or just descendants of a few generations. In Russia, Moscow is home to an estimated 1.5 million Muslims.