Mental Health in Phd Students
Mental Health in Phd Students
Mental Health Common in Graduate Students - 50% experience, 3x likely average adult
There is a problem among young scientists. Too many have mental-health difficulties, and too many say that the demands of the role are partly to blame. Neither issue gets the attention it deserves.” - Nature
half of PhD students in Belgium experience psychological distress, while a third are at risk of a common psychiatric disorder. The conclusion? “The prevalence of mental health problems is higher in PhD students than in the highly educated general population, highly educated employees and higher education students.” - Research Policy
A recent Harvard study of economics PhD at 8 elite universities concluded that graduate students are over 3x more likely than the average American to experience mental health disorders and depression. Also found 10% experienced suicidal thoughts over a two-week period.
Environment is Major Contributor to mental Health Problems
The data backs up the assertion that the environment is a major factor. - “Work and organizational context are significant predictors of PhD students’ mental health,” say Belgium researchers. - Nature article
Feeling of Being Trapped
High Dropout Rate
A+ students may not have Real World Life Experience
Clash of Academia or Industry - key issue and gating factor in
Publish or Perish - Too many papers!
Post-Admission Trauma, after Joy of Acceptance into Prestigious Programs
There is a huge question of whether Phd Students knew what they were getting into when they decided to enroll in a PhD program in the first place.
Too often, however, starry-eyed students rush into a PhD program with scant knowledge of what it entails or how useful it will be in the future. The drop-out rate would be reduced, and much misery avoided, if prospective students possessed a more balanced view of the challenges, as well as the joys, of the PhD.
Huge Pressure, Doing a PhD is Hard
Many graduate students struggle with mental health issues due to a culture that some say puts a sometimes unbearable-seeming amount of pressure on scholars.
Job Placement Anxiety
- Managing expectations at the onset would also, potentially, be a preventative measure against mental health issues.
- Harvard study finds PhDs three times more likely to suffer from mental health issues
- The Emotional Toll of Graduate School - Scientific American Blog Network
- Ph.D. student poll finds mental health, bullying and career uncertainty are top concerns
- Managing Your Mental Health as a PhD Student
- More than one-third of graduate students report being depressed
- Work organization and mental health problems in PhD students - ScienceDirect
- How mindfulness can help Ph.D. students deal with mental health challenges | Science | AAAS
- Why We Need to Talk More About Mental Health in Graduate School - The Chronicle of Higher Education
- 7 Reasons Why Your PhD Is Causing Stress And Depression - Cheeky Scientist
Personal Action Plan
- Acknowledging it -- both on a cultural level and on a personal level.
Build downtime into your calendar.
From classes to advisor meetings, certain things are scheduled firmly into the typical PhD student’s calendar. However, many PhD students forget to schedule in a critical self-care activity: downtime. No one can live life always on the go. Scheduling time off for a hobby, exercise, or coffee date with a friend -- perhaps where you restrict the amount of time you “talk shop” -- can go a long way toward mitigating PhD pressure.
Touch base with family and friends.
Personal support networks are essential to our health and happiness. Making time to talk to loved ones is important. Plus, when you’re caught up in the PhD grind and surrounded by other PhD students in the same situation, family and friends may offer an outside perspective that helps you find balance.
When was the last time you paused and thought about how you feel? Have you experienced any changes in mood or energy levels? Are you getting enough sleep? Have you become withdrawn from usual activities? Small symptoms can indicate future problems. Journaling, meditation, and guided breath exercises are a few ways to check in with yourself -- and feel better in the process. Gaelle Desbordes, a neuroscientist at Harvard who studies mindfulness, practiced the process during her last year of graduate school, when her relationship with her PhD adviser was strained. She says, “It taught me to have a little bit better control over my thought process. There’s a sense of peace when we find that.”
Prioritize physical health as well as mental health.
- Fitness, strength Training for Sanity
How you feel physically directly impacts how you feel mentally and emotionally. Taking care of your physical health by getting enough sleep, eating right, avoiding drugs and limiting alcohol intake, and getting regular exercise can help you stay healthy.
Seek help when you need it.
Gone are the days when the issue of asking for help was seen as a sign of weakness. No one can do everything alone; nor should they. Whether you ask for help with school or you take advantage of your school’s counseling resources, seeking help is the only way to get help.
One last thing to keep in mind if your feeling stressed while in graduate school? No PhD program last forever. Nor is it supposed to be sustainable. Reminding yourself that what you’re enduring is, temporary by nature can help you maintain a healthy perspective. PhD Dora Farkas writes of her decision to persevere despite the challenges, “In the end, I did stay in grad school and get my PhD degree, and I’ve never regretted it. In fact, of the countless people I’ve spoken to, no one has regretted completing their PhD”