Pork and Swine Flus
Swine Flu Tracking
What is it?
- It kills most pigs in a week
- It isn’t known to harm humans
Swine Flu spreads rapidly
Widespread transmission of African swine fever in East Asia
N Korea swine flu would be spread rapidly into S. Korea and then re-enter into China and Russia from northern boundaries.
How to Contain it?
Swine flu is stamped out the disease through the usual steps of quarantining and culling diseased and vulnerable livestock.
This is really hard to do in small rural farms of Asia, unlike huge factory farms of developed countries.
Spread in mid 2019
This has been wreaking havoc across Eastern Asia.
World Organization for Animal Health, or OIE, part of UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is the dominant monitor of animal diseases.
Wantanee Kalpravidh, the United Nations agency’s Bangkok-based regional manager of the Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases.
Major Consumer Countries
North Korea - severe 40%+ malnutrition on drought
Drought hurts. Crop production there is forecast to be smaller than usual for the rest of 2019 due to below-average rainfall and low water supplies for irrigation. About 40% of the population, or 10.1 million people, are estimated to be food-insecure and in urgent need of food assistance which is blocked by the authorities - UN FAO
Pork accounts for about 80% of North Korea’s protein consumption
Pigs raised by individual farms outnumber those on state-owned and collective farms. N Korean rural people relied heavily on side-pork production, but are now unable to make money through raising pigs, while the country’s economy is restrained.
North Korea’s ineffective and inexperienced in preventing and mitigating epidemics in animals.
N Korea state apparatus, combined with highly dispersed rural pork production will make it almost impossible to halt the spread of swine flu.
In the past China used to be able to supply mostly subsidized pork to support their client state, but now China suffers greatly from shortages.
With global sanctions against N. Korea, it’s going to be hard for the country to find an alternative protein source.
Recent outbreaks in feral wild pigs on border between two Koreas, indicate that the N Korean official accounts that there is no pig contagion there are falsified.
African swine fever has spread to almost all areas of North Korea, and pigs in the western province of North Pyongan have been “wiped out” - S. Korean intelligence
South Korea has deployed helicopters to disinfect parts of the 250-kilometer-long border-barrier, near which more than a dozen outbreaks have occurred on farms since the virus was first reported there a month ago.
- Cho Chunghi a refugee from N. Korea who worked for a decade in their animal disease control program. He now works as a researcher at Good Farmers, a Seoul-based non-governmental organization that supports developing nations to generate profit through agricultural activities.