Silicon Valleys around the World and Universities
- Part of Series Science and Technology Series, Trends, Guide
Part of Scratchpad Series Scr4US
- Global Key factors and Trends ======
- Silicon Valleys - What, Why they work?
- UK, Ireland, Scotland
- Dublin, Ireland aka Silicon Docks
- Cambridge Cluster, UK
- Oxford Science Park: Oxford
- Silicon Corridor: M4 corridor, Reading, Berkshire
- Silicon Fen: Cambridge
- Silicon Glen: in Central Scotland
- Silicon Gorge: Bristol
- Silicon Roundabout: London
- Silicon Spa: Leamington Spa
- Cambridge Norwich Tech Corridor
- Germany Promotes SME Hidden Gems
- Affordable Real Estate, Strong Public Transport Systems in Germany
- Strong Multi-national Ethos - Everyone knows English!
- Munich (Isar Valley)
- IT cluster Rhine-Main-Neckar, Germany
- Berlin or Silicon Allee - Center of Creative Media
- Munich (Isar Valley)
- Dresden (Silicon Saxony)
- Kaiserslautern (Silicon Woods)
- Dortmund (Ruhr Valley)
- Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: BioCon Valley for its life science and biotechnology clusters
- Western Pomerania (IT Lagoon)
- WISTA (Science and Technology Park in Berlin-Adlershof)
- Europe Other
- China not R&D Parks but Special Economic Zones
- Provincial Sponsored
- Rapid Rising Costs of Living in Best Tech Centers of China
- Hong Kong Financial Center - Seed for FDI and Exports to Rest of World
- Chinese Greater Bay
- Billionaires, Recycling Wealth to Spin off More Startups
- TOP: Shenzhen: Shenzhen Hi-Tech Industrial Park
- Jing-Jin-Ji: Beijing-Tianjin-Shijiazhuang Hi-Tech Industrial Belt
- Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing
- Chengdu, Sichuan: Chengdu Tianfu Software Park
- Dalian, Liaoning: Dalian Hi-Tech Zone, Dalian Software Park
- Shenyang: Hunnan New Area
- Shanghai: Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park
- Asia and Pacific Tigers ex India,China
- ---- S. Korea Chaebol over Startups?
- Daedeok Science Town, Daejeon
- Digital Media City, Seoul
- LG Science Park, Seoul
- Pangyo Techno Valley, the Silicon Valley of South Korea
- Samsung Town, Seoul
- Songdo, Incheon
- Teheran Valley, Seoul
- ---- Taiwan as Center of R&D
- Hsinchu Science Park: Greater Hsinchu City and Hsinchu County, Taiwan
- Central Taiwan Science Park: Changhua County, Nantou County, Taichung City and Yunlin County
- Southern Taiwan Science Park: Kaohsiung City and Tainan City
- Nankang Software Park: Taipei City
- Neihu High Tech Science Park: Taipei City
- Singapore Science Park
- Israel - Startup Nation
- Mideast and Africa
- Rest of the World, AU, NZ
Silicon Valleys - What, Why they work?
- All the Silicon Valley copycat cities around the world
- Springfield: Australian smart city wants to be the next Silicon Valley
- Silicon Valley: Definition, Location, Reasons For Success
- All the “next Silicon Valleys”: A world map of aspiring tech hubs.
- Why Silicon Valley and Big Tech Don’t Innovate Anymore - The Atlantic
- Beyond Silicon Valley: 6 Booming Startup Hubs Around the World | Startup Grind
- Silicon Valley | region, California, United States | Britannica
- Silicon Valley Definition
- Top Tech Hubs Around the World. Gone are the days when Silicon Valley… | by Primalbase Team | Primalbase | Medium
- Springfield: Australian smart city wants to be the next Silicon Valley
1. The Original Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley is now a broad definition referring to high-tech businesses in the entire Bay Area.
Silicon Valley: Originating in Stanford University (Palo Alto and Menlo Park), and spreading south towards San Jose, California and suburbs. San Francisco and nearby areas including Berkeley and Oakland are technically not part of Silicon Valley but have seen growth in industries such as web development since the 90s and venture capital. San Jose is Silicon Valley's largest city, the third-largest in California, and the tenth-largest in the United States; other major Silicon Valley cities include Sunnyvale, Santa Clara, Redwood City, Mountain View, Palo Alto, Menlo Park, and Cupertino.
San Francisco and southeastern San Mateo County
Oakland, East Bay through Berkeley, San Ramon to Livermore and Pleasanton.
The Silicon Valley name comes from Silicon wafers used to make VLSI chips. It was in Silicon Valley that the silicon-based integrated circuit, the microprocessor, and the microcomputer, among other technologies, were developed. It has maintained dominance for decades in core industries such as microprocessor development.
The area is now home to many of the world's largest high-tech corporations, including the headquarters of more than 30 businesses in the Fortune 1000, and thousands of startup companies.
It remains as a center of software and apps development as, Silicon Valley, home to bigtech now as the FAAMNGT acronym represents 25% of stock value of entire USA. 1. Facebook 2. Apple 3. Amazon has many facilities here, even though HQ is Seattle 4. Microsoft 5. Netflix 6. Google 7. Tesla - HQ moved out to Texas, but majority of US production remains here.
VC Center of the World
Silicon Valley also accounts for one-third of all of the venture capital investment in the United States, which has helped it to become a leading hub and startup ecosystem for high-tech innovation.
Want Experienced Workers - Come to Silicon Valley!
As of 2013, the region employed about a quarter of a million information technology workers
Silicon Valley has a severe housing shortage, caused by the market imbalance between jobs created and housing units built: from 2010 to 2015, many more jobs have been created than housing units built. (400,000 jobs, 60,000 housing units) This shortage has driven home prices extremely high, far out of the range of production workers. As of 2016 a two-bedroom apartment rented for about $2,500 while the median home price was about $1 million. Silicon Valley the most expensive U.S. housing region.
NIMBY, Homelessness, Poor Public Transport, Gridlock
Homelessness is a problem with housing beyond the reach of middle-income residents; there is little shelter space other than in San Jose which, as of 2015, was making an effort to develop shelters by renovating old hotels.
High cost of living
Due to the success of the industries in this region.
Although, this rift between high and low salaries is driving many residents out who can no longer afford to live there. In the Bay Area, the number of residents planning to leave within the next several years has had an increase of 35% since 2016, from 34% to 46%.
2. New York
Silicon Alley,Manhattan, NY City
Encompasses Broadway, the Flatiron District, SoHo, and TriBeCa technology centers
Silicon Alley: New York City
Tech Valley: The Capital District area of Albany, NY
Silicon Hills: Austin, Texas and its suburbs
Silicon Prairie: Metropolitan Dallas
4. Northeast esp. Boston
Route 128: Eastern Massachusetts
5. Southwest - Nevada, Colorado, Utah
Silicon Slopes - Salt Lake City, Utah
Including Utah County (Provo, Utah) and Summit County (Park City, Utah) and surrounding areas.
Tech Coast: broadly Southern California, Silicon Beach refers to emergent Santa Monica-LAX tech cluster.
Telecom Corridor (an area in the Silicon Prairie): Richardson, suburb of Dallas, Texas Texas Medical Center: Houston, Texas
Greater Reno, Nevada
Optics Valley: Tucson, Arizona
Denver Tech Center: Denver, Colorado
Silicon Beach: Playa Vista in West Los Angeles
6. Portland and Greater Seattle Cluster
One of the largest tech clusters in the world
Silicon Forest: Portland, Oregon
Big Tech Companies
- home to two of the largest & wealthiest Big Fours:
Most major tech players have significant presence and research centers in Greater Seattle. Others in video/online game, aerospace, aviation, fintech, technology investment, funds, venture capital, as well as various research & technology centers
University of Washington and Puget Sound vicinity is also home to many R&D and Innovative companies.
Large numbers of notable companies & startups in Life Sciences, biotechnology, medical
7. Midwest, Chicago, Ohio, Auto-Land
Illinois Technology and Research Corridor: DuPage County, Illinois
Automation Alley: Metropolitan Detroit, primarily Oakland County, Michigan
Golden Corridor: Near Chicago's O'Hare International Airport and Northwest Suburbs
8. Eastern Seaboard
Dulles Technology Corridor: Northern Virginia near Washington Dulles Airport
Research Triangle: Raleigh–Durham–Chapel Hill, North Carolina, centered on Research Triangle Park
Cummings Research Park: Huntsville, Alabama
Silicon Peach: Atlanta, Georgia
Silicon Valley of the North, Ontario, CA
Highway 401 between Toronto and Waterloo. A related area was also promoted as Canada's Technology Triangle.
Silicon Valley North: Ottawa, Ontario, CA
Though questionable since the 2009 bankruptcy of Nortel and the 2008 pull-out of Dell's call centre
Silicon Vineyard, Okanagan Valley, British Columbia, CA
Montréal Technoparc: Montréal, Québec, CA
UK, Ireland, Scotland
Dublin, Ireland aka Silicon Docks
It has a high number of technological EMEA centers.
Cambridge Cluster, UK
The name given to the region around Cambridge, England, which is home to a large cluster of high-tech businesses focusing on software, electronics and biotechnology, among others AstraZeneca. Many of these businesses have connections with the University of Cambridge, and the area is now one of the most important technology centres in Europe
Oxford Science Park: Oxford
Silicon Corridor: M4 corridor, Reading, Berkshire
Silicon Fen: Cambridge
Silicon Glen: in Central Scotland
Silicon Gorge: Bristol
Silicon Roundabout: London
Silicon Spa: Leamington Spa
Cambridge Norwich Tech Corridor
Germany Promotes SME Hidden Gems
Affordable Real Estate, Strong Public Transport Systems in Germany
While tech booms usually lead to increased real-estate prices, Berlin had so much affordable property available that companies and their employees were able to easily snap up spaces, Monteiro reported. With such affordability, the city has been able to easily attract global talent.
Strong Multi-national Ethos - Everyone knows English!
Brexit Rush. A number of UK tech startups relocated to the relatively cheap city following Brexit, which could inhibit their ability to access the European market and make it difficult for them to hire.
Munich (Isar Valley)
IT cluster Rhine-Main-Neckar, Germany
Europe's largest software cluster, is globally dominant in business software, IT security research and biopharmaceuticals
Berlin or Silicon Allee - Center of Creative Media
One of Europe's most dynamic technology, IT and startup centers
Berlin's startup scene grew so rapidly after 2015, setting it on track to become one of Europe's leading ecosystems. The city accounted for 70% of total investments in German startups in 2017, and it was named a banner year for startups by Ernst & Young.
Berlin is "home to a mixture of hackers, privacy experts, scientists, and video companies that are making waves in the tech scene."
Home to local success stories like music streaming service SoundCloud and to-do list App Wunderlist.
Google opened its "Campus Berlin" tech hub in 2017.
Munich (Isar Valley)
Dresden (Silicon Saxony)
Kaiserslautern (Silicon Woods)
Dortmund (Ruhr Valley)
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: BioCon Valley for its life science and biotechnology clusters
Western Pomerania (IT Lagoon)
WISTA (Science and Technology Park in Berlin-Adlershof)
TOP: Lisbon, Portugal - Cost Effective, Easier to Hire, High Lifestyle
Lisbon, Portugal, has an emerging startup scene thanks to accelerator funding and plenty of coworking spaces. Lisbon's startup scene emerged five to 10 years ago — today, it's set to become a leading tech hub in Europe, according to Mansion Global.
In 2016, the Portuguese government created a national network of tech hubs and startups in Lisbon thanks to the StartUP Voucher initiative, which offers a yearlong fellowship to 400-plus entrepreneurs. They also set up a $225 million venture capital fund to increase foreign investment in startups.
From 2014 to 2016, 700 companies in the high-tech industry were established in Lisbon. Lisbon has 32 tech scale-ups — companies that have raised just under $1 million (USD), which make up nearly half of the companies in the city
A former army food factory will be reconstructed into a huge startup campus, Hub Creativo Beato, and Google recently announced plans to launch an innovation center just outside the city (date unknown), according to Mansion Global.
Tech workers are revitalizing Lisbon's rundown buildings in up-and-coming areas, transforming them into hubs and coworking spaces, as well as affordable places to live.
Stockholm, Sweden, is home to plenty of coders and unicorns, leading the tech industry in Scandinavia/
Software heavy as coders comprise 18% of the workforce.
It produces the highest number of unicorns per capita of any global city outside of Silicon Valley as per Forbes, and it was ranked the second-most prolific tech hub in the world by VC firm Atomico.
2009 Stockholm's tech scene emerged
2014 investment in the city's technology industry tripled to roughly $377 m to more than 22,000 companies
The city has birthed successful global companies - music-streaming service Spotify - gaming company King.
The booming tech industry has benefited from the Swedish government's investment in high-speed internet, and its daycare system, which enables flexibility for entrepreneurial families.
Ideon Science Park: Lund, Sweden
Globally dominant in particle physics at CERN and various frontier scientific & technology research Dulles Technology Corridor is globally dominant in telecom, satellite, and defense industries
Crypto Valley: Zug, Switzerland
Otaniemi: near Helsinki
China not R&D Parks but Special Economic Zones
Rapid Rising Costs of Living in Best Tech Centers of China
In tech centers like Shenzhen's urbanization is driving a boom in luxury property developments while also changing what luxury looks like — smaller properties focusing on amenities and convenience are being favored over villas and townhouses. Shenzhen is now one of the top five cities in the world with the most expensive housing
Hong Kong Financial Center - Seed for FDI and Exports to Rest of World
Chinese Greater Bay
Shenzhen is a key part of the Chinese government's Greater Bay Area initiative, a project to develop technology and innovation growth in the country to rival California's Silicon Valley, reported BBC.
Billionaires, Recycling Wealth to Spin off More Startups
The tech scene is contributing to a rise in wealth among some of its residents.
Shenzhen is a big part of the reason that China has been minting new billionaires at a rate of one per week.
TOP: Shenzhen: Shenzhen Hi-Tech Industrial Park
Shenzhen "China's Silicon Valley."
It has more than 14,000 high-tech firms, 3,000 of which alone were established in 2018.
Shenzhen's tech industry accounts for nearly 40% of the city's GDP.
There are five tech giants fueling Shenzhen's tech hub, and two of them — Tencent Holdings and Huawei Technologies — collectively employ 234,000 people.
Jing-Jin-Ji: Beijing-Tianjin-Shijiazhuang Hi-Tech Industrial Belt
Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing
Chengdu, Sichuan: Chengdu Tianfu Software Park
Dalian, Liaoning: Dalian Hi-Tech Zone, Dalian Software Park
Shenyang: Hunnan New Area
Shanghai: Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park
Asia and Pacific Tigers ex India,China
---- S. Korea Chaebol over Startups?
Daedeok Science Town, Daejeon
Digital Media City, Seoul
LG Science Park, Seoul
Pangyo Techno Valley, the Silicon Valley of South Korea
Samsung Town, Seoul
Teheran Valley, Seoul
---- Taiwan as Center of R&D
Hsinchu Science Park: Greater Hsinchu City and Hsinchu County, Taiwan
The dominant area worldwide for pure-play semiconductor foundry market
Central Taiwan Science Park: Changhua County, Nantou County, Taichung City and Yunlin County
Southern Taiwan Science Park: Kaohsiung City and Tainan City
Nankang Software Park: Taipei City
Neihu High Tech Science Park: Taipei City
Singapore Science Park
The southwestern corner of Singapore
Israel - Startup Nation
Israel has become one of the world leaders in bio technology, cyber technology, artificial intelligence, online games, and high-tech agriculture.
Called Startup Nation as It's home to more startups per capita than any other country
It attracts more venture capital per person.
Recycling Billions to Startups
There have been extremely successful Israeli companies making extremely successful wealthy Israelis
WAZE 1b. Google recently bought GPS navigation app Waze — local to Tel Aviv — for $1 billion, and Amazon opened an office in Tel Aviv in October.
Rising Living Costs, High Luxury
The country has gone through a real revolution, which has fueled a demand for luxury houses and apartments. - Now Tel Aviv real estate is the most expensive in Israel.
Tel Aviv Center of Israel R&D - Silicon Wadi
An area with a high concentration of high-tech industries in the coastal plain in Israel.
The Tel Aviv/Mediterranean Coastal Region: referred to as Silicon Wadi, an area with a high concentration of high-tech industries in the coastal plain in Israel. Israel as a whole country has strong innovation in Cyber Security, Agritech and more.
The Silicon Wadi area covers much of the country, although especially high concentrations of hi-tech industry can be found in the area around Tel Aviv, including small clusters around the cities of Ra'anana, Petah Tikva, Herzliya, Netanya, the academic city of Rehovot and its neighbour Rishon Le Zion.
Multinational tech companies like Google, Oracle, and Facebook have research centers in or near the city, which also serves as a home for a plethora of successful local tech companies.
Jerusalem Technology Park, Malha
Har Hotzvim and JVP Media Quarter in Talpiot
Yehud hosts Hewlett Packard Enterprise's software campus (http://h30507.www3.hp.com/t5/Careers-at-HP/A-tour-at-HP-Software-campus-in-Yehud-Israel/ba-p/184796) and other IT and High Tech companies including Ticomsoft, Flame-Ware Solutions, RegiSoft, Fenavic, Bgate, and BYON IT Solutions.
Yokneam Illit or Startup Village, Israel
With over 100 high-tech companies concentrated in a small area that is nicknamed "Startup Village" * Startup Village Ecosystem in the Yokneam area.
Mideast and Africa
Riyadh Techno Valley, Riyadh
Dhahran Techno-Valley, Dhahran
King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh
Silicon Cape: Cape Town, South Africa
Silicon Lagoon: Lagos, Nigeria
Silicon Mountain: Buea, Cameroon
Silicon Savannah: Nairobi, Kenya
Rest of the World, AU, NZ
Australian Technology Park, Eveleigh, Sydney, NSW Australia
Digital Harbor, Docklands, Melbourne, Victoria Australia
Macquarie Park, Sydney, NSW Australia
Including the Research Park, Macquarie University
Technology Park, Bentley, Perth, Western Australia