You already know Khichdish

By pjain      Published Aug. 1, 2020, 7:23 p.m. in blog Education   

Khichdish theory --- XFR---

Hindi - Desi North Indian Belt

English is the Lingua Franca for entire India especially urban areas. English is the connecting language for whole of India, atleast the educated masses knows it. English is widely spoken. Around 1/7 will understand the language fluently, around 30% would be able to use it to a far extent, while the vast majority would be able to converse in the language to an extent. It’s important to note that English is the most geographically spread language in India, so you are more likely to get a diverse range of viewpoints by speaking English - as at least English speakers would be aware of regional politics of the mother tongue.

  1. If we consider the whole of India statistically, as most people understands and speak Hindi in the NorthIndia, Hindi avails the place of mostly spoken language.

  2. Generally while Hindi may not be a first language, it may be a second language (e.g. for Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi in Maharashtra, Bengali in West Bengal). A number of North Indian lingustic groups speak “school Hindi” as second language, but bilingualism varies in these groups at around 30% to 40%.

  3. Hindi is a remote third language in many areas esp. where it was a mandatory K-5 subject.

  4. In South India Hindi is often resented. The South Indian lingustic groups generally do not understand Hindi, with only around 10–15% being able to speak in “school Hindi”. These groups may also get offended if you try to speak to them in Hindi. In a sense this is local regional pride.

Most North Indians understand Hindi as a mother tongue but while educated and townspeople may speak pure Hindi, many of rural have local variations. So Urdu, Rajasthani, Haryanvi, Bhojpuri, Bihari, etc. all basically are minor dialectical differences. Normally if you speak Hindi you can manage all over North India easily.

In South India there are strong differences between mother tongue to be spoken for all purposes. South Indians may understand and prefer to speak English (NOT Hindi) with others. However English may not work out up to the mark if we go to the rural areas.

  • Karnataka people prefer Kannada
  • Andhra people prefer Telugu
  • Tamils prefer Tamil
  • Kerala Malayalies prefer Malayalam.

First, Second, and Third languages by number of speakers in India (2011 Census)

Language First Lang pct Second Lang Third Lang Total speakers Pct
Hindi 528,347,193 43.63% 139,207,180 24,160,696 691,347,193 57.09%
English 259,678 0.02% 83,125,221 45,993,066 129,259,678 10.67%
Bengali 97,237,669 8.03% 9,037,222 1,008,088 107,237,669 8.85%
Marathi 83,026,680 6.86% 12,923,626 2,966,019 99,026,680 8.18%
Telugu 81,127,740 6.70% 11,946,414 1,001,498 94,127,740 7.77%
Tamil 69,026,881 5.70% 6,992,253 956,335 77,026,881 6.36%
Gujarati 55,492,554 4.58% 4,035,489 1,007,912 60,492,554 4.99%
Urdu 50,772,631 4.19% 11,055,287 1,096,428 62,772,631 5.18%
Kannada 43,706,512 3.61% 14,076,355 993,989 58,706,512 4.84%
Odia 37,521,324 3.10% 4,972,151 31,525 42,551,324 3.51%
Malayalam 34,838,819 2.88% 499,188 195,885 35,538,819 2.93%
Punjabi 33,124,726 2.74% 2,300,000 720,000 36,074,726 2.97%
Sanskrit 24,821 0.002% 1,234,931 1,196,223 2,360,821 0.19%

References

Most common Urdish words

Most common pronouns

Known Khichdish Meaning English
_ _ _ Maa Mother
_ _ _ Papa, Baba Father
_ _ _ Pyaar Love
  • Yes, hain, hain
  • No, nahin, nahin
  • perhaps, shayad, shayad
  • because, chunki, chunki

  • easy, aasan, aasan

  • hard, mushkil, mushkil
  • good, achaa
  • bad, kharaab, kharaab
  • empty, khaali, khaali

  • fresh, taazaa, taazaa

  • dirty, gandaa, gandaa
  • hot, garam, garam
  • honest, inaamdar, inaamdar
  • dishonest, beiman, beiman

  • rich, maaldaar, maaldaar

  • poor, gareeb, gareeb
  • healthy, dandurust, dandurust,
  • sick, beemaar, beemaar

  • Relation

  • far, dur, dur
  • nar, paas, paas
  • in, andar,andar

  • Time, counting

  • always, hamesha, hamesha
  • once, ek bar, ek bar
  • twice, do bar, do bar
  • again and again, bar bar, bar bar,

  • Numbers

  • one, ek, ek
  • two,

Descriptive, Adjectives

  • Colors
  • color, rang, rang
  • orange, narangi, naranji
  • white,safed

Food

  • cheese, paneer, paneer
  • tea, chai, chai

Learning Sequence and Strategy -- xfr ---

Greeting, Impress with Style to Break-the-Ice - 10-30 to 100 Local Words

Bizlish 700 words

  • Accurate English verbs/sentences/8 yrs age Elementary English

Khichdish = Commonalities across Indic - 300-500 Indic common, 30>100+ local words/12 years

Converse2Learn to Small Talk Common DAILY LIFE

  • 300+ Local/Simplified Verbs/Gender errors

  • Watch a lot of movies in that language

  • Watch advertisements [you would easily get it because there is a good chance that the same ad is in your mother tongue also]

  • Visit places where that language is spoken a lot

  • If possible shift to that location and work there

  • Go to busy places like Theaters, Hospitals, Schools,Bus Stations, Parks, Place of worship and see what people converse - this will provide contextual learning. This will accelerate your learning

Reading 101 - Phonetic Script leverage I

  • 200+ local words, 12 years 6th Grade

  • Ironically, reading and writing and books are good way to learn more.

For example if you can read bus, street and shop signs, that gives a great feeling of groundedness.

  • Basic Reading and Writing - Easy as Indic languages Phoenetic

  • It is painful but having a bilingual dictionary such as English-Hindi and Hindi-English

  • Reading/Writing is good because you can be more accurate on pronounciation.

  • Keep a learning log or diary - with words added each day, what you learnt. Going back and REVISING is great it fixes what you learnt a few days ago. Spaced repetition is a great way to learn another language.

  • Learn the alphabet properly and well. There are, as I said, YouTube videos, and textbooks that might teach you the alphabet and make sure you practice sincerely.

  • Once you’ve mastered the alphabet, subscribe to newspapers in that language. Start reading them, understand sentences, sentence structures, phrasing, idioms, grammar, etc. Editorials would be the next level. Underline complex sentences, break them down into simpler ones, and try implementing them in imaginary situations. Do the same with difficult words.

Conversational Speaking - II

  • 500+ local words, 14 years 8th Grade

Fluent Speaking with accurate grammar III

  • 500+ local words, basic grammar and verb conjucations, 15 years, 9th Grade

  • There a series of Conversational books “Conversational Sansksit, Conversational Tamil, Telugu,Kannda etc by NDK] - use this book only for improving your speed of learning

  • Listen Speak Read Write (LSRW) - This is the traditional strategy where like native speakers, you get immersed, then start your reading and writing lessons only after you feel conversant and comfortable with listening and speaking.

  • The theory is "your mind will get confused if you read and write first".

  • While the best way is get immerse, shift to that area and use with local people to North India, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, or Andhra/Telengana, etc. This is not practical often. The next best think is to create your own "virtual immersion".

  • STORY TELLING - Construct imaginary situations in your head. For instance, you’re a cop called up on a distress call from a heist in progress by armed robbers who have also taken hostages. You’re standing outside the bank and trying to negotiate with the robbers in ______ (enter Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi, etc.). Once you fill in the dialogues, see if you can post it online on different platforms/forums and ask native speakers to evaluate your passage.

  • Keep doing this for as many situations as you can and then once you feel you’ve got the language well enough, move on to the next language.

  • SRC: Quora.com

Proper Grammatical correction

  • Learn Grammar only after you get some amount of fluency in speaking

Rules based Indic

Letter equivalences

Transformation Rules between Indic Languages

Ending of language variation

For example, “nataka” is pronounced “natak” in Hindi, “natakam” in Malayalam, and “natakamu” in Telugu.

All are phonetic, but written signature

Vocab leverage strategy - Common Words through India

Relationships, Common life

Sanskrit Words

Raj(a) -- "King," from Proto-Indo European *hreghs.

Bharat: Endonym for India in most of the Indo-Ayran languages; Derived from the name of a mythical emperor of India.

Bollywood Movies common

Indian culture Words

Indian food Words

Indian religious Words

Words on Indian philosophy and Hinduism are common to all Indian languages. Some such words are:-

Samsara: "A wandering through;" the cycle of rebirth and death central to the moral struggle of Hinduism.

Deva: "Divinity" (less accurately "god"); from Proto Indo-European *deiwos.

Om: The primeval syllable said prior to recitations of the Vedas.

Names of divinities, such as Shiva, Brahma, Vishnu, Sarasvati, etc., as well as the names of theological concepts, such as atman, brahmana, brahman; and social institutions, such as jati or varna.

Dharma, Adharma, Nyaya, Neeti, Satya, Asatya, Himsa, Ahimsa, Krodha, Yajna, Havana, Yaaga, Aahuti, Deva, Devi, Samskruti, Naataka, Rupaka, Kavya, Meemaamsa, Alankara,Visarga, Srusti, stiti, Laya, Shaasstra, Shruti, Smruti, Gaayana, Gaayaka, Nrutya, Nartana, Viveka, vairagya, Jnana, Vijnana, Ananda, Bhajana, Keertana, samkeertana, Sadhana, Sadhu, Nadi, sagara, sarita, saras, Kamala, Amboja, Saroja, Megha, vidhyut, agni, vaayu, pruthivee. santhosha


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