You already know Khichdish
- Khichdish theory --- XFR---
- Most common Urdish words
- Learning Sequence and Strategy -- xfr ---
- Greeting, Impress with Style to Break-the-Ice - 10-30 to 100 Local Words
- Bizlish 700 words
- Khichdish = Commonalities across Indic - 300-500 Indic common, 30>100+ local words/12 years
- Converse2Learn to Small Talk Common DAILY LIFE
- Reading 101 - Phonetic Script leverage I
- Conversational Speaking - II
- Fluent Speaking with accurate grammar III
- Proper Grammatical correction
- Rules based Indic
- Vocab leverage strategy - Common Words through India
Khichdish theory --- XFR---
Hindi - Desi North Indian Belt
English is the Lingua Franca for entire India especially urban areas. English is the connecting language for whole of India, atleast the educated masses knows it. English is widely spoken. Around 1/7 will understand the language fluently, around 30% would be able to use it to a far extent, while the vast majority would be able to converse in the language to an extent. It’s important to note that English is the most geographically spread language in India, so you are more likely to get a diverse range of viewpoints by speaking English - as at least English speakers would be aware of regional politics of the mother tongue.
If we consider the whole of India statistically, as most people understands and speak Hindi in the NorthIndia, Hindi avails the place of mostly spoken language.
Generally while Hindi may not be a first language, it may be a second language (e.g. for Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi in Maharashtra, Bengali in West Bengal). A number of North Indian lingustic groups speak “school Hindi” as second language, but bilingualism varies in these groups at around 30% to 40%.
Hindi is a remote third language in many areas esp. where it was a mandatory K-5 subject.
In South India Hindi is often resented. The South Indian lingustic groups generally do not understand Hindi, with only around 10–15% being able to speak in “school Hindi”. These groups may also get offended if you try to speak to them in Hindi. In a sense this is local regional pride.
Most North Indians understand Hindi as a mother tongue but while educated and townspeople may speak pure Hindi, many of rural have local variations. So Urdu, Rajasthani, Haryanvi, Bhojpuri, Bihari, etc. all basically are minor dialectical differences. Normally if you speak Hindi you can manage all over North India easily.
In South India there are strong differences between mother tongue to be spoken for all purposes. South Indians may understand and prefer to speak English (NOT Hindi) with others. However English may not work out up to the mark if we go to the rural areas.
- Karnataka people prefer Kannada
- Andhra people prefer Telugu
- Tamils prefer Tamil
- Kerala Malayalies prefer Malayalam.
First, Second, and Third languages by number of speakers in India (2011 Census)
|Language||First Lang||pct||Second Lang||Third Lang||Total speakers||Pct|
- The Problem With The English Language In India
- Indiaspeak: English is our 2nd language | India News - Times of India
- On Hindi Day, Shah pitches for a common language to 'unify' India -
- Common language not possible in India: Rajinikanth - The Hindu
- Row after Amit Shah says Hindi can be nation’s common language - india news - Hindustan Times
- Language Common to All of India - Google Search
- India Guide: Languages in India, An introduction: There are 22 major languages in India, written in 13
Most common Urdish words
Most common pronouns
|_ _ _||Maa||Mother|
|_ _ _||Papa, Baba||Father|
|_ _ _||Pyaar||Love|
- Yes, hain, hain
- No, nahin, nahin
- perhaps, shayad, shayad
because, chunki, chunki
easy, aasan, aasan
- hard, mushkil, mushkil
- good, achaa
- bad, kharaab, kharaab
empty, khaali, khaali
fresh, taazaa, taazaa
- dirty, gandaa, gandaa
- hot, garam, garam
- honest, inaamdar, inaamdar
dishonest, beiman, beiman
rich, maaldaar, maaldaar
- poor, gareeb, gareeb
- healthy, dandurust, dandurust,
sick, beemaar, beemaar
- far, dur, dur
- nar, paas, paas
- always, hamesha, hamesha
- once, ek bar, ek bar
- twice, do bar, do bar
again and again, bar bar, bar bar,
- one, ek, ek
- color, rang, rang
- orange, narangi, naranji
- cheese, paneer, paneer
- tea, chai, chai
Learning Sequence and Strategy -- xfr ---
Greeting, Impress with Style to Break-the-Ice - 10-30 to 100 Local Words
Bizlish 700 words
- Accurate English verbs/sentences/8 yrs age Elementary English
Khichdish = Commonalities across Indic - 300-500 Indic common, 30>100+ local words/12 years
Converse2Learn to Small Talk Common DAILY LIFE
300+ Local/Simplified Verbs/Gender errors
Watch a lot of movies in that language
Watch advertisements [you would easily get it because there is a good chance that the same ad is in your mother tongue also]
Visit places where that language is spoken a lot
If possible shift to that location and work there
Go to busy places like Theaters, Hospitals, Schools,Bus Stations, Parks, Place of worship and see what people converse - this will provide contextual learning. This will accelerate your learning
Reading 101 - Phonetic Script leverage I
200+ local words, 12 years 6th Grade
Ironically, reading and writing and books are good way to learn more.
For example if you can read bus, street and shop signs, that gives a great feeling of groundedness.
Basic Reading and Writing - Easy as Indic languages Phoenetic
It is painful but having a bilingual dictionary such as English-Hindi and Hindi-English
Reading/Writing is good because you can be more accurate on pronounciation.
Keep a learning log or diary - with words added each day, what you learnt. Going back and REVISING is great it fixes what you learnt a few days ago. Spaced repetition is a great way to learn another language.
Learn the alphabet properly and well. There are, as I said, YouTube videos, and textbooks that might teach you the alphabet and make sure you practice sincerely.
Once you’ve mastered the alphabet, subscribe to newspapers in that language. Start reading them, understand sentences, sentence structures, phrasing, idioms, grammar, etc. Editorials would be the next level. Underline complex sentences, break them down into simpler ones, and try implementing them in imaginary situations. Do the same with difficult words.
Conversational Speaking - II
- 500+ local words, 14 years 8th Grade
Fluent Speaking with accurate grammar III
500+ local words, basic grammar and verb conjucations, 15 years, 9th Grade
There a series of Conversational books “Conversational Sansksit, Conversational Tamil, Telugu,Kannda etc by NDK] - use this book only for improving your speed of learning
Listen Speak Read Write (LSRW) - This is the traditional strategy where like native speakers, you get immersed, then start your reading and writing lessons only after you feel conversant and comfortable with listening and speaking.
The theory is "your mind will get confused if you read and write first".
While the best way is get immerse, shift to that area and use with local people to North India, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, or Andhra/Telengana, etc. This is not practical often. The next best think is to create your own "virtual immersion".
STORY TELLING - Construct imaginary situations in your head. For instance, you’re a cop called up on a distress call from a heist in progress by armed robbers who have also taken hostages. You’re standing outside the bank and trying to negotiate with the robbers in ______ (enter Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi, etc.). Once you fill in the dialogues, see if you can post it online on different platforms/forums and ask native speakers to evaluate your passage.
Keep doing this for as many situations as you can and then once you feel you’ve got the language well enough, move on to the next language.
Proper Grammatical correction
- Learn Grammar only after you get some amount of fluency in speaking
Rules based Indic
Transformation Rules between Indic Languages
Ending of language variation
For example, “nataka” is pronounced “natak” in Hindi, “natakam” in Malayalam, and “natakamu” in Telugu.
All are phonetic, but written signature
Vocab leverage strategy - Common Words through India
Relationships, Common life
Raj(a) -- "King," from Proto-Indo European *hreghs.
Bharat: Endonym for India in most of the Indo-Ayran languages; Derived from the name of a mythical emperor of India.
Bollywood Movies common
Indian culture Words
Indian food Words
Indian religious Words
Words on Indian philosophy and Hinduism are common to all Indian languages. Some such words are:-
Samsara: "A wandering through;" the cycle of rebirth and death central to the moral struggle of Hinduism.
Deva: "Divinity" (less accurately "god"); from Proto Indo-European *deiwos.
Om: The primeval syllable said prior to recitations of the Vedas.
Names of divinities, such as Shiva, Brahma, Vishnu, Sarasvati, etc., as well as the names of theological concepts, such as atman, brahmana, brahman; and social institutions, such as jati or varna.
Dharma, Adharma, Nyaya, Neeti, Satya, Asatya, Himsa, Ahimsa, Krodha, Yajna, Havana, Yaaga, Aahuti, Deva, Devi, Samskruti, Naataka, Rupaka, Kavya, Meemaamsa, Alankara,Visarga, Srusti, stiti, Laya, Shaasstra, Shruti, Smruti, Gaayana, Gaayaka, Nrutya, Nartana, Viveka, vairagya, Jnana, Vijnana, Ananda, Bhajana, Keertana, samkeertana, Sadhana, Sadhu, Nadi, sagara, sarita, saras, Kamala, Amboja, Saroja, Megha, vidhyut, agni, vaayu, pruthivee. santhosha